Hand Stripping

What is Hand Stripping?
Hand stripping involves pulling out the dead outer coat of wired-haired or “rough-coated” breeds by hand, rather than cutting the hair with clippers. This allows a new “harsh” wire coat to grow in.

Doesn't pulling out the hair hurt?
No. It does not hurt the dog. Some might not like it, but it is not painful when done properly. Wire hair is not attached like our own hair or breeds with other types of coats. Many dogs even enjoy it. For pet dogs I do clip or scissor the tender spots so it isn’t uncomfortable for them.

What breeds are usually hand stripped?
Breeds from all AKC groups are stripped:
Terrier Group:
  • Airedale Terrier
  • Australian Terrier
  • Border Terrier
  • Cairn Terrier
  • Dandie Dinmont
  • Irish Terrier
  • Lakeland Terrier
  • Miniature Schnauzer
  • Norfolk Terrier
  • Parsons Terrier
  • Scottish Terrier
  • Sealyham Terrier
  • Welsh Terrier
  • Wire Fox Terrier
Toy Group:
  • Affenpinscher
  • Brussels Griffon
Sporting Group:
  • German Wirehaired Pointer
  • Spinone Italiano
  • Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Hound Group:
  • Dachshund (Wirehaired)
  • Ibizan (Wirehaired)
  • Irish Wolfhound
  • Otterhound
  • Petite Basset Griffon Vendeen (PBGV)
  • Scottish Deerhound
Working Group:
  • Giant Schnauzer
  • Standard Schnauzer
There are also many mixed breeds that look marvelous when hand-stripped, or even partially hand-stripped to bring out their natural wire coat.

Between clipping and hand stripping, what will keep the coat wiry?
Hand stripping maintains a proper wire coat, while clipping makes it soft and ruins the texture. Without the outer wire coat, the coat color will change and fade out.

Why does clipping the coat ruin the wiry texture?
Each individual wire hair has a hard wire point, then is semi hollow down to about the undercoat level. It is very soft at the base and only lightly anchored in the follicle which is why they pull out easily. 

Cutting the hair takes away the structure of that hair. This is particularly true when cut below the undercoat level, but even just cutting off the tip breaks the structure.

If cut, the soft base stays in the follicle so a new wire tipped hair does not grow. The soft bottom will continue to grow awhile. If the dog is continually cut, the coat stays super soft as the soft downy under coat and the soft base of the wire hair from the old top coat is all that is seen. 

Often they end up with a 'cottony' coat and sometimes black hair turns to grayish blue or brown.

My dog is just a pet; should she be hand stripped like show dogs?
Absolutely, if it important to you to maintain the proper breed look. It is very hard to imitate that look on many wire coated breeds if you clip them. However it will do no real harm for pets to be clipped if you do not care about that look.

Will hand stripping restore a coat's wire texture if my dog has been clipped?
Yes, but sometimes it can be difficult if a dog’s coat has been clipped many times. You often have to let them grow out several months and strip them several times to get the wire coat growing properly again. Sometimes after only one clipping it comes back fine but do not count on it. The longer amount of time the coat has been clipped, the more months it will take with diligent stripping to get the coat back to it’s original correct texture. But it can be done in most cases!

If clipped is there any way to help keep the coat hard?
If you must clip, hand strip a little before and use a pumice stone afterwards weekly to 'brush' them, this takes out some of the cut dead coat to try to stimulate some new hairs to grow.

Are other types of coats hand stripped?
Other coarse coated breeds like the Bouvier are also hand stripped. Many other coats are maintained with stripping or carding, sometimes combined with using thinning shears, instead of clipping the hair, from the 'saddle' on the Afghan Hound to English Cocker Spaniel backs, for example. And then there’s many mixed breeds that have a wire-haired coat that can look marvelous hand-stripped.

Do All Groomers Hand Strip?
Many do not, since it is time-consuming and very labor intensive. Question the groomers in your area. Often if they do not do hand stripping themselves, they will know of another groomer who does. Be sure to tell the Pet Groomers that you want your dog plucked or hand stripped. ***Make sure that they understand what you mean by "stripping." Among pet groomers, to ‘strip’ a dog means to shave it down to the skin.!”*** So ‘a strip’ is VERY different from ‘Hand Stripping!!’ Expect to pay a lot more--at least double--what the clipping price would be. It is very labor intensive.

Eek! You said my dog would have a nice wire coat. I had my dog hand stripped and now she looks naked and is very soft. How long will it take to grow back?
Often the wire coat is in one layer and pulling it leaves them in their "underwear" (the thinner, softer undercoat) until a new wire coat comes though. It may take 8 to 10 weeks before the new wire coat comes in and is long enough to cover the undercoat.

Do you have to strip to the undercoat? Is there a way to have a nice wire coat when the are freshly hand stripped?
Sometimes you have to strip down to the undercoat, in particular when they are pretty long. This is because all of the wire coat is one length and ready to come out. But sometimes the coat is in layers, either produced by 'rolling' the coat or new coat coming in from natural shedding. This often means bringing the dog in more often to have the coat rolled rather than completely stripped.

OK..... What is rolling a coat?
Rolling is having part of the coat come in new in layers so that you can strip off the longest hair, and always have wire coat. This is done by pulling only about the longest third of the coat, leaving the rest for a week to two weeks depending on the dog, and then repeating until there is always new coat coming in underneath. This can be started when they are grown out with a blown coat, or when a new coat is just past perfect.  Not all dogs can be 'rolled.'

So if stripping is pulling out the coat with your fingers, what is it called when a stripping knife is involved?
It’s really the same thing. For the purists, stripping is all done by hand, but many groomers use a stripping knife. It all gets the same results!

What is a stripping comb?
Just another term for stripping knife.

Is Knife or 'hands only' stripping better?
If a stripping knife is used properly, it works as well as pulling the coat only with fingers. Despite the name 'knife,' it is never used to cut the hair, only to help grip it. Only if the knives are too sharp or the wrong motion is used is the dog’s hair cut.

My groomer said she would also 'rake' my dog’s coat and I should do this at home too. What does that mean?
Raking is using the stripping knife, a clipper blade or a piece of pumice stone to rake though or 'comb' the undercoat. This pulls a lot of dead undercoat out and also helps the new coat come in. We also do this when in the wire coat is in to take out some of the undercoat leaving the jacket even 'harder.'

I think I’d like to get my Terrier hand stripped now. How can I tell when the coat is ready?
Take your dog to a groomer who does hand stripping. They’ll be able to tell just by looking at the coat and touching it whether it’s time or not. If it is not quite ready, they’ll be able to tell you when to make the appointment to have your dog stripped at the proper time.

Here’s a Before and After of a little Border Terrier that is hand stripped:

Before

After
Hand stripping really makes a phenomenal difference in the coat of your rough or wire-coated breeds. If you have any questions, please feel free to call! TLC Grooming & Supply: 831-840-4568